Gadus morhua (Linnaeus, 1758)


Gadus morhua

Description: The cod is a relatively large and stout bodied fish with a large head and long chin barbel. It has three dorsal fins and two anal fins which are all rounded in outline. The colour can vary from greenish-grey with orange-brown or grey mottling. It has a conspicuous white lateral line. Adult fish can grow to approximately 1.7m although most are less than 1.2m.

Habitat: The cod occurs in a wide variety of habitats from the shore down to depths of 600m. Divers usually encounter cod near rocky areas or around wrecks. They feed on a range of crustaceans, worms, brittle-stars and small fish.

Distribution: This species is widespread all around the coasts of Britain and Ireland.

Similar Species: The large head, stout body, mottled coloration and distinctive white lateral line distinguish the cod from other members of the cod family.

Key Identification Features:

Distribution Map: NBN map : National Biodiversity Network mapping facility, data for UK.

WoRMS: Species record : World Register of Marine Species.

iNaturalist: Species account : iNaturalist World Species Observations database

 Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C. (2016). Gadus morhua (Linnaeus, 1758). [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland.
https://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/species.asp?item=ZG1730 Accessed on 2024-06-24

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