Torpedo nobiliana (Bonaparte, 1835)

Electric Ray

Torpedo nobiliana

Description: Electric rays have rounded disc-like bodies and smooth skin and two dorsal fins located on a short, thick tail. The upper surface of the ray is dark greyish-blue to dark brown and the underside is white. Adult fish can be up to 2m long.

Habitat: The electric ray is usually found on sand or mud at depths between 10-350m. It catches and envelops bottom-living fish in its pectoral fins and delievers a powerful electic shock from the electric organs located in the pectoral fins, stunning or killing the fish before it eats it.

Distribution: Although this species has been recorded from all around the coasts of Britain and Ireland it is rarely encountered by divers.

Similar Species: The marbled electric ray (Torpedo marmorata) is similar in shape but can easily be distinguished by its marbled coloration and papillae-like processes around the inner edge of the spiracles.

Key Identification Features:

Distribution Map: NBN map : National Biodiversity Network mapping facility, data for UK.

WoRMS: Species record : World Register of Marine Species.

iNaturalist: Species account : iNaturalist World Species Observations database

 Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C. (2016). Torpedo nobiliana (Bonaparte, 1835). [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland.
https://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/species.asp?item=ZF1230 Accessed on 2023-12-11

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