Distomus variolosus Gaertner in Pallas, 1774

Distomus variolosus

Description: A smooth rounded red sea squirt found in densely aggregated colonies. The small individuals have a common basal test, and increase in number by budding. The siphons have a six lobed appearance on partial contraction, which is distinctive. 5-8mm in diameter.

Habitat: Characteristic of the infralittoral, occurring on rock, kelp holdfasts and algae.

Distribution: Apparently a southern species in the British Isles, quite common on the south coast of England as far east as Dorset, and occurring on the west coast of Ireland.

Similar Species: Easily and frequently mistaken for Dendrodoa grossularia, leading to confusion over distribution.

Key Identification Features:

Distribution Map: NBN map : National Biodiversity Network mapping facility, data for UK.

WoRMS: Species record : World Register of Marine Species.

iNaturalist: Species account : iNaturalist World Species Observations database

 Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C. (2016). Distomus variolosus Gaertner in Pallas, 1774. [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland.
https://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/species.asp?item=ZD1990 Accessed on 2023-11-29

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