PISCES : TORPEDINIFORMES : TorpedinidaeCARTILAGINOUS FISH

Torpedo nobiliana (Bonaparte, 1835)

Electric Ray


Torpedo nobiliana

Description: Electric rays have rounded disc-like bodies and smooth skin and two dorsal fins located on a short, thick tail. The upper surface of the ray is dark greyish-blue to dark brown and the underside is white. Adult fish can be up to 2m long.

Habitat: The electric ray is usually found on sand or mud at depths between 10-350m. It catches and envelops bottom-living fish in its pectoral fins and delievers a powerful electic shock from the electric organs located in the pectoral fins, stunning or killing the fish before it eats it.

Distribution: Although this species has been recorded from all around the coasts of Britain and Ireland it is rarely encountered by divers.

Similar Species: The marbled electric ray (Torpedo marmorata) is similar in shape but can easily be distinguished by its marbled coloration and papillae-like processes around the inner edge of the spiracles.

Key Identification Features:

Distribution Map from BioMar data for Ireland - Google Earth map:  download this placemark (not got Google Earth installed?)

Distribution Map from NBN: Grid map (fast) : Interactive map (slow, requires login to view records) : National Biodiversity Network mapping facility, data for UK.



 Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C., 2010. [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland
http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/species.asp?item=ZF1230

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