ECHINODERMATA : VALVATIDA : GoniasteridaeSTARFISH, SEA URCHINS, ETC.

Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)


Description: A solid, well-plated cushion-like starfish with short arms and a large body. The upper surface is red in colour and covered with rounded knob-like spines. Below there are many macroscopic bivalved pedicellariae. Up to 20cm across

Habitat: Little known, apparently lives on flat sediment bottoms, feeding on other Echinoderms and on bivalves.

Distribution: Rather rare in the British Isles, found in Scotland and the Shetlands and in the North Sea.

Similar Species: Porania pulvillus is similar in shape but not in texture.

Key Identification Features:

Distribution Map from BioMar data for Ireland - Google Earth map:  download this placemark (not got Google Earth installed?)

Distribution Map from NBN: Grid map (fast) : Interactive map (slow, requires login to view records) : National Biodiversity Network mapping facility, data for UK.


 Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C., 2010. [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland
http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/species.asp?item=ZB950

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