• Rhizocarpon distinctum Th.Fr.
Rhizocarpon distinctum
Click on map to open large map in new window
(Map updated: 11 August 2009)

So what is so distinctive about the cracked (areolate) cortex of this crustose species of siliceous rocks? Well, it is all in the medulla layer of the thallus, which is usually white but turns blue with the addition of iodine. Otherwise the grey-brown to brown-red thallus, with a black prothallus is very like many other similarly-sized members of the genus. But the combination of the following characters together with the reaction of the medulla in iodine makes it stand out: K+ red-purple epithecium (top part of disc in section), eight-spored ascus and the three-septate to submuriform, colourless spores turning green-brown with age. In Ireland, it grows on rocks and walls but is rarely recorded.

Key characteristics

  • Iodine + blue medulla, epithecium K+ red-purple
  • Thallus grey to brown, spores three-septate to submuriform, ascus eight-spored, spores darkening to green-brown with age.

Original text submitted by Vince J. Giavarini

 Simms, M. J., (2016). Rhizocarpon distinctum Th.Fr.. [In] LichenIreland. Accessed on 2019-01-19.