Flora of Northern Ireland
Juniperus communis
© Graham Day
Juniperus communis
© Paul Hackney
Juniperus communis
© Ralph Forbes
Juniperus communis
(Map updated: March 2008)
Juniperus communis
© Ralph Forbes
Juniperus communis
© Derek Polley
 

Juniper is a prickly-leafed shrub of usually dense growth, mostly low-growing because it tends to be found in exposed situations such as rocky outcrops, limestone pavement and inland and maritime cliffs. Although a conifer, it produces a blue-black fleshy berry instead of the usual woody cone normally expected of coniferous trees and shrubs.

Juniper, yew (Taxus baccata) and Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris), are the only conifers native to Northern Ireland. Scots pine became extinct hundreds of years ago, but has been re-introduced from Scotland and northern Europe.

All names: Juniperus communis L.