Flora of Northern Ireland

Demesne woodland

Deer at ParkanaurFrom about 1700, landowners made deliberate attempts to create artificial woodland, often using imported non-native species. These woods (or more correctly plantations) are mostly those found within the boundaries of parks and demesnes associated with large houses. They are predominantly composed of non-native species such as beech and sweet chestnut and frequently have a high proportion of coniferous species like larch (Larix spp.) and pines (Pinus spp.). Too often these demesne woods are infested with excessive growths of rhododendron (Rhododendron ponticum), cherry-laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) and Portugal laurel (Prunus lusitanica) - all introduced.Parkanaur beech wood

Woodland walk at Crawfordsburn Country ParkThe ground flora of these plantations is similar to those of natural woodland.