Introduction
Orchis papilionacea © Paul Hackney 2003 Ophrys bertolonii © Paul Hackney 2003

This site provides images and brief accounts of a selection of European and Mediterranean wild orchids.

Each page gives the scientific name, and a selection of vernacular names.

Sources for vernacular names and distributional and habitat information:-

Orchids of Britain by David Lang (Oxford University Press, UK 1980).
Orchidaceae edited by D.M. Moore in Flora Europaea vol. 5 edited by T.G. Tutin, V.H. Heywood, N. A. Burges, D.M. Moore, D.H. Valentine, S.M. walters & D.A. Webb. (Cambridge University Press, UK 1980).
Europäische und Mediterrane Orchideen by Hans Sundermann (Brücke-Verlag Kurt Schmersow, Hildesheim, Germany 1980).
Wild Orchids of Britain & Europe by Paul & Jenne Davies and Anthony Huxley (Hogarth Press, London, UK 1983).
Field Guide to Wild Flowers of Southern Europe by Paul Davies & Bob Gibbons (The Crowood Press, Marlborough, UK 1993).
Flora of Great Britain & Ireland. Volume 5 Butomaceae - Orchidaceae by Peter Sell & Gina Murrell. (Cambridge University Press, UK 1996)
Le Orchidee del Gargano by Angela Rossini & Giovanni Quitadamo (Foggia, Italy 1996).
Orchids of Cyprus/Zyperns Orchideen by Gisela & Karlheinz Morschek (Published by authors, Netherlands 1996).
La Flore Endemique de la Corse by Jacques Gamisans & Jean-François Marzocchi (Edisud, Aix-en-Provence, France 1996).
Skandinaviens Orkideer/Orchids of Scandinavia by Bent Johnsen (Rhodos, Copenhagen, Denmark 1997).
Orchidaceae by S. Künkele & H. Baumann in Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Baden-Württembergs.Band 8 edited by Oskar Sebald, Siegmund Seybold, Georg Philippi & Arno Wörz (Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart, Germany 1998).
Les Orchidées de France, Belgique et Luxembourg by Gérard G. Aymonin et al. (Société Francaise d'Orchidophilie. Published by Collection Parthénope, Paris, France 1998)
Wild Orchids of Mallorca by Nicole T. & William S. Beniston (Editorial Moll, Palma de Mallorca, Spain 1999).
Guide des Orchidées d'Europe by Pierre Delforge (Delachaux et Niestlé, Lausanne, Switzerland 2001).
The Orchids of Cyprus by Yiannis Christofides (Published by author, Cyprus 2001).
Die Orchideen von Rhodos und Karpathos/The Orchids of Rhodes and Karpathos by C.A.J. Kreutz (Seckel & Kreutz Publishers. Reulte & Landgraaf, Netherlands 2002).
Les Orchidées Sauvages d'Île-de-France by Pascal Pernot & Francois Dusak (Société Francaise d'Orchidophilie. Published by Collection Parthénope, Mèze, France 2002).
Die Feldführe der Türkischen Orchideen by C.A.J. Kreutz (Published by author, Landgraaf, Netherlands 2003)
Las Orquídeas de la Provincia de Alicante by Joan Piera Olives, Manuel B. Crespo Villalba & Michael R. Lowe (Instituto Alicantino de Cultura "Juan Gil-Albert", Spain 2003).
Iconografia delle Orchidee d'Italia/Iconography of Italian Orchids by Walter Rossi (text) and Anne Eldredge Maury (plates) (Ministerio dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio - Direzione Conservazione Natura & Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica "Alessandro Ghigi", Italy 2004).
Les Orchidées Sauvages de France by Rémy Souche (Les Créations du Pélican/VILO, Paris, France 2004).
Orchids of the British Isles by Michael Foley; photographs by Sidney Clarke (Griffin Press in association with Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, UK 2005).
Orchids of Britain & Ireland by Anne & Simon Harrap (A. & C. Black, London, UK 2005).
Ophrys - the Bee Orchids of Europe by Henrik Ærenlund Pedersen & Niels Faurholdt (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK 2007).

Choose species from alphabetical list at left, by clicking on name, to view the accounts and thumb-nail photographs.

Click the thumb-nails to view larger images.

Copyright: all photographs are © National Museums Northern Ireland, except where stated otherwise.

National Museums Northern Ireland

Links to related sites

European and Mediterranean orchids web site designed by Paul Hackney.

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© National Museums Northern Ireland, 2003-2005